History of Pipe Materials: Amazing Facts You Need to Know

History of Pipe Materials

History of Pipe Materials: Amazing Facts You Need to Know

Drainage and Sewer systems have been part of humanization for thousands of years. As technology went ahead, the materials we used to make pipes and fittings also changed and evolved with time, improving durability and functionality as convenience became a major factor for us to focus on. With time, newer piping materials did not only last long but were also maintenance-free.

Although, each material used to make pipes had different maintenance concerns and a different lifespan.

Early Ages 

Clay is one of the most ancient materials used to manufacture pipes and Babylonia is often referred to as the birthplace of pipes. The first-ever pipes were made out of baked clay dating back to Babylonia in 4000 BCE. The traces of these pipes were found in the excavation of the temple of Bel at Nippur, Babylonia.  

After this, between 3200-1100 BCE, people of the Bronze Ages also known as the Minoan Civilization started using several types of stone and terracotta pipes and conduits to transfer water and other types of fluids. 

3200-1900 BC was known as the Indus or Harappan civilization which was similar to Bronze Age culture developed in the north-western region of the South Asian subcontinent. Harappan people developed advanced sewerage and drainage systems.  The sewage system of these three sites was made of standardized baked bricks set in clay mortar. Drains were covered with stone, wooden boards, or baked bricks.

Ancient Egyptian


Between 2000 to 500 BC, The Ancient Egyptians developed early piping systems, having devised techniques to create copper alloys. Their smiths created and used copper tools and pipes for their irrigation systems to control water flowing from the Nile River, which flooded their crops when it ran too high and left their fields parched when it ran too low.


After this, for many ages and years, people used the same material to build pipes and drainage systems. Although, each age brought the revolution and brought in innovative ideas to make their lives better. With time, people developed towns and made houses to live in with well-built bathrooms and sewer systems. As time passed, people also realized the pros and cons of each piping material and made changes accordingly. With the help of technology, they also found new materials to build pipes from which were safe and more durable. Because materials such as lead and iron were not only harmful to human health but also did not last that long.


The Roman Empire brought in many new changes and increased the level of sanitation and lifestyle. The same materials were used until the 1800s and then came the Era of Urbanization.


Materials in the 1800s 


Wooden pipes were invented in the 1800s and became very popular. These pipes came in two styles: stave style made by pressing bevelled boards together with steel banding and log style, made by hollowing out the middle of a log. These pipes were majorly used across the United States, from Philadelphia to Portland, Oregon. Recently, in July 2018, crews unearthed a wooden log pipe in downtown Spokane, Washington on the Idaho border.


Modern Age 


Fiber conduit, Also known as  Orangeburg pipe, was a popular material used to manufacture pipes in the 1900s. Fibre conduit was made by impregnating wood Fibres with coal-tar pitch. This pipe material became famous for various reasons such as water transmission, clean sewers, electrical lines and that’s only the tip of the iceberg. It gained popularity all through the 1800s and the mid-1900s. But the popularity declined in the late 1960s as PVC entered the market. Today, no Orangeburg pipe is being used because of its short life expectancy. 


The Recent History


In the 1950s, the ductile iron pipe was introduced as a better replacement for cast iron. The concrete pipe was also a popular material during this time. Although, it was heavier and more expensive. These concrete cylinders or pipes were first manufactured in 1942 and consisted of a thin steel ring encased in concrete. These kinds of pipes are still being used today for larger pipe diameters, storm sewer lines and water mains.


Finally, PVC, ABS and PEX pipes came into popular use around the 1950s and ‘60s. PVC was first developed in the 1860s, but more precise extrusion techniques allowed for more reliable manufacturing in the mid-90s. Today, PVC is the most popular piping material, used for everything from sewer laterals and residential plumbing to gas appropriation and distribution and chemical processing. It has the highest corrosion resistance rate and durability. 


About Dutron


Dutron Products


Dutron has been manufacturing PVC Pipes and Fittings for many decades now and is rated one of the most renowned manufacturers of Plastic Pipes and Fittings in India. With years of experience and expertise, Dutron has manufactured and delivered the best PVC products to its consumers.  


Here is the wide range of PVC products offered by Dutron. 


Dutron Kanaflex: Suction and Delivery Hose 


One of the most trusted names in Flexible PVC Hose around the world. It is most suited for farming purposes, suction and delivery of liquids/gases in varied applications. 


Product Range in Dutron Kanaflex:


  • ~ M.D.(Green) 
  • ~ Heavy Duty Hose 
  • ~ Duct Hose 
  • ~ Oil Hose 
  • ~ Non-Toxic Hose 


Duplon Braided PVC Hose 


A superior replacement to conventional rubber hoses, Duplon is designed for high-pressure applications. 


Product Range in Duplon Braided PVC Hose:

  • ~ High-Pressure Air Hose 
  • ~ Water/Garden/Construction Water Hose 
  • ~ Welding Hose 
  • ~ Spray/CW Power Rock Drill Hose 
  • ~ Super Spray and Car Washing Hose 
  • ~ Steel Wire Hose 


Duplon Flat Hose:


A first-of-its-kind product in India, Duplon Flat Hose is a superior replacement to conventional cotton/ lapeta hose pipes. 


Dutron Hiflo uPVC pipes and Fittings 


Dutron uPVC Plumbing Systems are manufactured from state-of-the-art machines and are tested at their well-equipped Quality Assurance Laboratory. A wide range of pipes and fittings make Dutron a complete uPVC Plumbing, Pressure and SWR Pipe Systems supplier. 


Product Range in Dutron Hiflo uPVC pipes and Fittings:

  • ~ uPVC Plumbing System 
  • ~ uPVC Pressure Pipes & Fittings 
  • ~ uPVC SWR Pipes & Fittings 
  • ~ uPVC Casing Pipes 
  • ~ uPVC Submersible Column Pipes 
  • ~ uPVC Fabricated Fittings 
  • ~ PVC-U Drainage Pipes 


Dutron HDPE Pipes and Fittings 


Dutron HDPE Pipe’s material is best suited against GI/DI as it is inert to most of the chemicals. The latest generation PE pipe grade raw material is used to provide the ultimate strength to the product.


Product Range in Dutron HDPE Pipes and Fittings:

  • ~ HDPE Pipes 
  • ~ HDPE Fittings 
  • ~ HDPE Sprinkler System 


Dutron CPVC Pipes and Fittings 


The Dutron CPVC Hot and Cold Water Plumbing System is an attractive alternative to conventional plumbing systems made of G.I. and copper pipes. Dutron Hot and Cold Water Plumbing systems use pipes and fittings made of technically advanced plastic material.


Dutroflex Corrugated Flexible Pipes:


Dutroflex corrugated flexible pipes are made from the extrusion process from LLDPE (multipurpose) or PVC (Electrical) and are an ideal replacement for conduit pipes. The pipes provide strength with flexibility and are available in attractive colours. 


Product Range in Dutroflex Corrugated Flexible Pipes:

  • ~ Multi-Purpose Corrugated Pipes 
  • ~ Electrical Corrugated Pipes 
  • ~ Double Wall Corrugated Pipes 


Dutron Water Tanks 


Dutron water tanks are made with 100% virgin food-grade material. They are ideal for bungalows, apartments, schools, colleges, office complexes, construction sites, industries and agricultural uses. 


Dutron has been manufacturing quality products for the last five decades. They always make sure to deliver the best and serve you with an advanced plumbing product range that will not only be beneficial for you but, for generations to come, its premium 

build quality ensures the durability of the product. It is not impossible to get a constant water supply.


Feel free to contact us for any queries or inquiries. Keep reading our blogs for more useful information.